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Kollam district has a number of pilgrim centres. Ochira TempleThe temples dedicated to the Sastha at Achencoil, Aryankavu and Kulathuppuzha are visited by a large number of pilgrims. The festivals Therottam and Pushabhishekam of Achencoil Temple fall duringDecember-January and January-February respectively. The Mandala Pooja of Aryankavu Temple, is in December and the Vishmahotsavam of Kulathuppuzha in April. The Oachira Temple, dedicated to Parabrahmam attract a large number of pilgrims, particularly during the festival called Oachirakkali in June-July.

The Panthranduvilakku Mahotsavam (November-December) of this temple is also Lakshmi Templevery famous Vishu Mahotsavam (April) of Sreekrishna Swami Temple, Ashramam; Navarathri Mahotsavam (October) of Mahadeva Temple, Anandavalleswaram; Utsavam (March) of Murari Temple Mukhathala, Utsavam of Mahadeva Temple Thrikkadavur and Bahgavathi Temple Kottamkulangara; Sivarathri festival (March) of Siva Temple, Chittadeeswaram, Festival (September-October) of Veera Bhadra Nada, Ashtamudi; Kuruthi Mahotsavam (January) of Ammachiveetil Moorthi Temple, Kacherimukku, Sivarathri Mahotsavam (March) of Kashi Viswanathan at Cheriazeekkal (Karunagappally Taluk) Thiruvathira Mahotsavam (April) of Shri Mahaganpati Temple, Kottarakkara are some of the important festivals connected with temples. The Ashtami Rohini festival at Vadayattukotta Sreekrishna Temple also attracts huge crowds from neighbouring places.

In addition to these temples, there are Churches and Mosques which have their own festival attractinghuge crowds, irrespective of their religious affiliation. Some of the important churches are St. Casimir's Church, Kadavur; Velankanni Matha Shrine, Tuyyam; Infant Jesus Shrine, Vadi; St. Joseph Shrine, Perinad; St. Francis Church, Koduvila (Kallada); Amalotbhava Matha Church, Pullichira (Kottiyam), St. John Britto Church, Sakthikulangara; St. Sebastians Church, Neendakara; St. Thomas C.S.I. Church, Pattathanam and St. Thomas Orthodox Cathedral, Sastri Junction.

Valiyapalli, Jonakappuram, Juma-Ath-Palli, Kolluvila; Juma-Ath-Masjid, Thattamala; Muslim Juma-Ath-Palli, Karuva; Kalamala Palli, Kalamala; Muthirapparambu Palli, Muthirapparambu and Siyavathummodu Palli, Kililolloor are the most important mosques.

HollyCrossChurch Chinnakada Mosque
Holycross Church Chinnakada Mosque

In addition to the traditional past times like Kathakali, Koothu, Ottamthullal, Pattakam, Harikatha, Kaikottikkali, Thiruvathirakkali, Kolattam etc., there are certain amusements and festivities which are unique to Kollam district. They are held in connection with festivals in temples. The mock swork-fight - Oachirakkali, is one of the most important of such festivals. Oachira has been famous for long as one of the sacred places of Kerala. Historically too this place is very famous, for, it was on the plains of Oachira that the much famed battle in the history of Travancore, the battle of Kayamkulam, was fought between Marthandavarma, the Maharaja of Travancore and the Raja of Kayamkulam. In commemoration of this historic battle Ochirakkali is conducted on the first and second of Mithunam (June-July) every year. On this occasion, the young and the old, drawn from the two Karas lying east and west of Oachira, from themselves into two groups, reach the Padanilam (the place for fighting) and conduct the age-old fencing exercise under the leadership of the elder kalari asan.

In Kottamkulangara Temple in Chavara, there is a peculiar custom of men dressing up as women and carry lighted lamps(Thalappoli). The Uriati is a typical festival associated with Krishna Temple. The annual Uriati festival held at Vadayattukotta temple in connection with Ashtami Rohini deserves mention. The Kettukazhcha (exhibition of effigies) festival held at Mahadevar Temple, Thrikkadavur in February-March every year is one of the colorful festival of the district. There are similar festivals in the temples of Sasthamcotta, Velinallur, Chathannur, Chirakkara etc.

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