Anchal falls mainly in the highland region of pathanapuram taluk
and covers an area of 950.77 sq.kms. It comprises of eight panchayats
Kulathuppuzha, Eroor, Alayamon, Anchal, Edamulakkal, Karavaloor,
Thenmala and Arryankavu. The tribal settlements are mainly in
rubber and oil palm platations . The Thenmala and Kulathuppuzha
ranges are resplendent in scenic beauty.
Located on the northern side of Kollam Taluk and Kollam Muncipal
Town, it covers an area of 53.61 sq. kms. .Coir is one of the
important industrial activities in the block, especially in
Thikkadavur and Thrikkaruva panchayaths . The other two panchayaths
Kilikolloor and Sakthikkulangara are noted for Cashew/Wood industries
and fishing respectively. Population - 0.16 lakh.
It is situated on the south estern side of Kottarakkara taluk.
This is one amoung the large bloks in the district with an area
of 249..03 sq. kms . Paddy cocunut , rubber, tapiyoca,pepper,cashew,banana,
arecanut etc. are the major crops under cultivation in the block.
Two industrial estate and five industrial co-operative institutions
are functioning here. Population - 0.20 lakh. Panchayats-Chithra,
Kadakkal, Chadayamangalam, Ittiva, Velinalloor, Elamadu and
Chavara is predominantly coastal block, on the southern part
of Karunagappally taluk. The soil of the block is sandy except
in certain parts of the Thevalakkara and Thekkumbhagom where
laterite and clay soil is found . There are four major
industrial establishments here viz, Indian Rare Earths
The Kerala Premo pipe factory , Kerala minerals and metals
Ltd. and The titanium Complex. Two mini Industrial estates are
also their in the block. Being a coastal block, large number
of people are engaged in fishing and fish processing .Coir is
another major industrial activity . Area - 74.90 sq. kms. Panchayats
- Chavara, Panmana, Thevalakkara, Neendakara and Thekkumbhagam.
Population -0.14 lakh.
Chettumala in the north eastern side of Kollam taluk. The block
consist of five panchayaths viz., Munroe Thuruthu, East
Kallada Perayam, Kundara and Perinad covering area of 77.01
sq. kms. The soil structure is laterite and alluvial and cocunut
, paddy, cashew, Pepper, tapioca and banana are the main crops
cultivated in this block . A sizeable population of the block
are fisherman. Population - 1.18 lakh.
Ithikkara is situated on the south east part of the Kollam Taluk,
covering an area of 134.80 sq. kms. Agriculture is the main
occupation of the people . Majority of the cultivators are small
and marginal farmers coir unit, manufacturing of company bricks
and tiles , Khadi, Spinning and Weaving etc.are major industrial
activities . Population 1.85 lakh. Panchayats - Chathannoor,
Kalluvathukkal, Nedumpana, Paravur , Poothakkulam and Adichanallur.
Karunagappally block consist of 4 panchayaths viz., Allappad,
Karunagappally, Thodiyoor and Minagappaly, covering an area
of 66.34 sq. kms. The block is industrially forward because
of its advantages location on National Highway near to
Sea. It is connected by rail also . Cocunut,Paddy, tapioca,
banana etc. are main agricultural crops. Prominent small scale
and cottage industries are based on bricks well ring making
engineering and electronic items handicrafts etc. Population
Kottarakkara lies in the western part of the kottarakkara taluk.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. The major
agriculture crops are paddy pepper, cocunut, arecanut, tapioca,
cashew, rubber etc. Area -133.10 sq. kms. population - 1.54
lakh. Panchayats -Kottarakkara, Neduvathoor, Ezhukone, Kareepra,
Pooyappally and Veliyam.
Mukhathala is one of the thikly populated bloks in the district.
Agriculture is the main occupation of people . Major industrial
activities are related to cashew, wood matches, oil, engineering,
bricks etc. There are two industrial estates in the block ,
one at kannanallur and the other at Umayanallur Population-Mayyanad,
Eravipuram, Vadakkevilla, Thrikkovilvattom and Kottamkara.
Ochira block consists of 4 panchayats viz., Ochira, Clappana,
Kulasekharapuram and Thazhava. The soil condition of the block
is sandy except in Pavumba village which is gravely . Agriculture
is the main occupation of the people. Paddy arecanut, coconut,
pepper, cashew etc. are the main crops. Kayamkulam lake laying
on the western side of the block to a length of 15 kms. and
the Arabian sea provide ample scope for the fishing activities
Population-1.23 lakh. Area 6324 hectrares
Pathanampuram is situated on the eastern part of the district,
it covers an area of 248.32 sq. kms. Live-stock activities like
dairying, poultry, goat rearing etc. and industrial activities
like brick making, bamboo weaving etc. are the main occupations.
The block is rubber predominant. Population -1.57 lakh. Panchayats
- Pathanampuram, Pattazhivadakkekkara, Piravanthoor, Thalavoor,
Vilakudy and Pattazhy.
Sathamcotta is situated on the north east corner of the district.
Soil is laterite. The major cultivated crops are paddy,Tapicoa,
Banana, Cashew and pepper. Area 118.41sq .kms. .Population
-1.42 lakh. Panchyats - Kunnathoor, Westkallada, Shasthamcotta,Soornad
south , Soornad North and Poruvazy
Vetikkavala comes uner Kottarakara taluk Ummannoor, Pavitheswaram,
Kulakada, Mylom, Melila and Vettikkavala are the Panchyats.
The bloco has the total area of 169.47 sq. kms. Population 1.77